You're probably aware of what a Rube Goldberg machine is: a big, complicated chain of reactions strung together, with a 'true' machine including some simple task accomplihed at the end.
Rube Goldberg was American, and overseas they don't tend to call it that. Abroad, it's more commonly known as a Pythagoras switch.
Japan made them a part of a kid's show. Thereby proving once again that Japan makes better TV than we do.